Different Types of Composting Methods and Composting Equipment
If you have been a gardener for any length of time at all, you probably already know how important compost is. But have you just used commercially made composting materials up to now? Do you want to know more about different types of composting equipment and how they work? If so, read on…
Options of Equipment for Composting
The equipment that you use for compost will depend on which kind of composting you are doing and the space you have. If you have enough space, a wire bin in the backyard will work nicely. These can be built to hold a lot of compost.
Plastic bins will work for composting if you live in an apartment where your space is limited. Your neighbors won’t know what you are doing either, so they won’t give you any trouble about it.
You can use a trash can or a compost tumbler to compost if you have limited space and need something that is more compact than a wire bin. You can easily turn the compost in these smaller containers.
You can also get specially made bins for worm composting which is also known as vermicomposting or vermi composting. These bins have special air vents built into them. Along with the different kinds of bins you can use for composting, you will probably need rakes or shovels to turn the compost. You may also want to invest in a good pair of gardening gloves.
Ways to make Compost
If you are composting grass clippings, garden waste, leaves or kitchen scraps. wire bins work well. You can build a wire bin as large as you need it to be. This type of composting does require periodic turning so if you make it too large it can be difficult to turn the compost. It is better to make a couple of smaller, easier to handle wire bins than just one large one.
If you are just composting your kitchen scraps in a plastic bin you need to put some air holes in the bins. This air helps to decompose your kitchen scraps more rapidly. Kitchen scraps can be vegetable or fruit peelings, egg shells, tea bags or loose tea, coffee grounds and you can add garden and grass clippings too if you have them. Just remember this type of composting does not allow you as much room to work with. Again, this will need to be turned periodically.
You can follow the same procedure as above for the trash can or tumbler composting method. This method is great where you don’t have the space for an open bin. Some regions have rules about outdoor compost piles; a large plastic trash can or a compost tumbler can be used in these areas.
When doing worm composting using either the specially designed bins or another plastic bin, you will need some red wigglers or redworms. The amount of worms you need depends on the waste you produce daily. A 2 foot by 2 foot bin will be fine for a half pound a day of food waste and one pound of worms. The redworms do the best job of composting and live in the top 2 to 3 inches of composting material, so your composting material does not need to be that deep.